BSN-FP4002 Community Health Assessment Assignment

BSN-FP4002 Community Health Assessment Assignment

  • Write a 2–4-page report on the concepts, processes, and tools needed to conduct a community health assessment, how to find the data, and how to validate the data. Explain the factors that can affect the health of a community, along with how to obtain that information. Understanding community and state health care issues and concerns, the local resources available, and accessibility of those resources can inform health care practices and improve quality patient outcomes. Show Less
  • By successfully completing this assessment, you will demonstrate your proficiency in the following course competencies and assessment criteria:
    • Competency 2: Describe the concepts, processes, and tools required to conduct comprehensive health assessments for individuals, families, communities, and populations.
      • Describe the data necessary to make an informed community health assessment.
      • Explain a strategy for obtaining data and how data helps determine the health needs of a community.
      • Explain how to establish the validity and reliability of data used in a community health assessment.
    • Competency 3: Explain the internal and external factors that can affect the health of individuals, families, communities, and populations.
      • Explain how to obtain information on and what the factors are that affect the health and wellness of a community.
    • Competency 4: Communicate in a manner that is scholarly, professional, and consistent with expectations of a nursing professional.
      • Write content clearly and logically with correct use of grammar, punctuation, APA formatting, and mechanics.
    Competency Map

    Check Your ProgressUse this online tool to track your performance and progress through your course.


Social and lifestyle behaviors can affect health. In fact, some would argue that many, if not most, health risks can be mitigated through lifestyle and behavioral changes. With this in mind, the health care provider must be aware of the socioeconomic factors and the lifestyle factors present in a population. Show Less

Both social and cultural factors influence many lifestyle factors. Living environment, housing conditions, employment factors, diet, and cultural beliefs all play a role in a person’s levels of risk and resulting health. The nursing assessment must include these social influences as part of the domain necessary for evaluation and inclusion in the assessment approach, and integrate a framework for analysis, which includes all the social milieus associated with each dimension.

Evidence-based health assessments are done using health data from private and public organizations. There are many opportunities for gathering health data in a community, through public health systems and through private records, where approval has been obtained from participants. Collecting primary data must involve informed consent.

Secondary sources can also be used by obtaining aggregate data from health plans and health care providers that do not include personalized demographic data. Each of these data sources can be important to forming a picture of a community’s health, which can then be compared to national standard data such as that provided through Healthy People 2020. Understanding the current health status and the perceived needs of a community can help to provide the valuable information needed to set forth a plan which evaluates the current and future health needs of the community.

  • Questions to Consider

    To deepen your understanding, you are encouraged to consider the questions below and discuss them with a fellow learner, a work associate, an interested friend, or a member of your professional community.

    • What types of techniques and activities should be included in a community health assessment?
    • How can these techniques and activities help determine both assets and gaps in health care services in a community?



The following optional resources are provided to support you in completing the assessment or to provide a helpful context. For additional resources, refer to the Research Resources and Supplemental Resources in the left navigation menu of your courseroom.

Capella Resources
Library Resources

The following e-books or articles from the Capella University Library are linked directly in this course:

Show Less

Course Library Guide

A Capella University library guide has been created specifically for your use in this course. You are encouraged to refer to the resources in the BSN-FP4002 – Assessment, Communication, and Collaboration Library Guide to help direct your research.

Internet Resources

Access the following resources by clicking the links provided. Please note that URLs change frequently. Permissions for the following links have either been granted or deemed appropriate for educational use at the time of course publication.

Bookstore Resources

The resources listed below are relevant to the topics and assessments in this course and are not required. Unless noted otherwise, these materials are available for purchase from the Capella University Bookstore. When searching the bookstore, be sure to look for the Course ID with the specific –FP (FlexPath) course designation.

    • Clark, C. C., & Paraska, K. K. (2014). Health promotion for nurses: A practical guide. Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett.
      • Chapters 6, 7, and 8
    • Maurer, F. A., & Smith, C. M. (2013). Community/public health nursing practice: Health for families and populations (5th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Saunders Elsevier.
      • Chapter 19

Assessment Instructions

Imagine you work for an organization that has decided to open a satellite facility in an underserved community. Your organization asks you to move to the new location and assist with some of the preliminary work. Part of this work is to determine the health care needs of the community. How will you do this? What information will you need to know? Where will you find the information?


Search the Capella library and the Internet for peer-reviewed journal articles on how to conduct a community health assessment. You will need at least 3 resources to use in this assessment.


Develop a plan for a community health assessment in which you complete the following:

  • Describe the type of data needed to make an informed community health assessment.
  • Explain how the data will help determine the health care needs of the community.
  • Describe your strategy for obtaining the necessary data.
  • Explain the factors that impact the health and wellness of a community. (Hint: This is a very broad list. Think outside the box on this one!)
  • Explain how you will obtain information on these factors for your specific community.
  • Explain how you will determine if the data and information you obtain is valid and reliable.
  • Format this assessment as a report that you would submit to a director or other organizational leader. You are still required to follow APA guidelines for in-text citations and references.


    • Include a title page and reference page.
    • Ensure your assessment is 2–4 pages in length.
    • Use double-spaced, 12-pt., Times New Roman font. (Recommended)

Community Health Assessment Scoring Guide

attachment_1 (14)


Describe the data Does not Lists the data necessary Describes the Describes the data necessary
necessary to make describe the to make an informed data necessary to make an informed
an informed data necessary community health to make an community health assessment
community health to make an assessment. informed and identifies where the data
assessment. informed community can be found.

community health
health assessment.

Explain a strategy Does not explain Explains how to obtain Explains a Explains how to obtain data
for obtaining data how to obtain data and how data strategy for and how data helps determine
and how data helps data and how helps determine the obtaining data the health care needs of a
determine the health data helps health care needs of a and how data community, as well as gaps in
needs of a determine the community, but the helps determine the health care services
community. health care explanation is the health needs available.

needs of a incomplete or missing of a community.
community. important elements.

Explain how to Does not explain Identifies how to obtain Explains how to Explains how to obtain
obtain information how to obtain and what the factors are obtain information on as well as a
on and what the and what the that affect the health information on, broad range of factors that
factors are that factors are that and wellness of a and what the affect the health and wellness
affect the health and affect the health community. factors are, that of a community, showing a
wellness of a and wellness of affect the health clear relationship between the
community. a community. and wellness of factors and the health of the
a community. community.

Explain how to Does not explain Explains how to Explains how to Explains how to establish the
establish the validity how to establish establish the validity establish the validity and reliability of data
and reliability of the validity and and reliability of data validity and used in a community health
data used in a reliability of data used in a community reliability of data assessment and identifies
community health used in a health assessment, but used in a options if the data are not
assessment. community the explanation is community found to be valid and reliable.
health inaccurate or missing health assessment. key elements. assessment.

Write content clearly Does not write Writes with errors in Writes content Writes clearly and logically, with and logically with content clearly, clarity, logic, grammar, clearly and correct use of spelling,
correct use of logically, or with punctuation, APA logically with grammar, punctuation, APA
grammar, correct use of formatting, or correct use of formatting, and mechanics;
punctuation, APA grammar, mechanics. grammar, uses relevant evidence to
formatting, and punctuation, punctuation, support a central idea.
mechanics. APA formatting, APA formatting,
and mechanics. and mechanics.