Congestive heart failure (CHF) Congestive heart failure (CHF): describe the pathophysiology and include how age might impact the pathophysiology. Then, explain how hypertension or dyslipidemia can lead to the alteration of CHF for patients with increased age. Consider how age might impact the pathophysiology of cardiovascular disorders. PLEASE USE THESE RESOURCES: McPhee, S. J., & Hammer, G. D. (2012). Pathophysiology of disease: An introduction to clinical medicine (Laureate Education, Inc., custom ed.). New York, NY: McGraw- Hill Medical. Huether, S. E., & McCance, K. L. (2012). Understanding pathophysiology (Laureate Custom ed.).