What is your appraisal of these findings? What factors may have contributed to the insignificant results?
Understanding Statistics in Research: This Discussion is meant to help students understand the application of statistics in research and also to interpret those findings.
A group of researchers conducted a power analysis before conducting a study comparing two types of patient teaching for multiple sclerosis: usual teaching and a computerized learning game. The dependent variable was perceived self-efficacy in managing medication side effects. The power analysis revealed that 45 subjects were needed in both groups for a power of 0.8 at a significance level of .05. The researchers randomly assigned 47 persons to each group. The study attrition was 10% for both groups. No significant differences were found between groups in perceived self-efficacy. What is your appraisal of these findings? What factors may have contributed to the insignificant results? What additional information do you need to appraise these findings?